Concretized the idea after holding consultations with prominent public leaders and lining and leading politicians of all parties. Smt. Indira Gandhi, Shri Shahnawaz Khan one of the closest associates of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, Prof. N.R Malkani renowned Gandhian and few other eminent men were the founder members of Bharat Sevak Samaj under whose signatures its constitutions was registerd and the Bharat Sevak Samaj was finally launched on 12th August 1952.
Pioneering work: The Bharat Sevak Samaj undertook a number of pioneering works such as Vocational Training Institutes, slum service, legal aid to the poor, national consumer service, night shelters for pavement, dwellers, Lok Karya Kshetras for rural development, institutions for handicapped Children, training of voluntary social workers yogic exercises for all, launching of labour co-operatives, food for work programmers, voluntary mobilization of manpower known as shramdan for local development works, inculcating the dignity of labour amongst the students and youth and elimination of middlemens profit in the construction activity. It also sponsored a non political youth organization known as Bharat yuvak Samaj for mobilizing youth power to constructive work. Particular mention of the Bharat Sevak Samaj participation in construction work may be made of Kosi Project in Bihar during 1955-59. The Third Five Year plan document has acknowledged that the Samaj participation brought forth evidence of substantive cost reduction and improvement in the quality of work as well as the speed in execution. Against the original estimate of Rs. 11.5 crores the actual expenditure in the Kosi River embankment project was Rs. 6.5 crores only. It was completed in 1958 against the target of 1960.
Many schools for the poor and middle class children are being run to promote health habits and schooling in the children of age group between 3 to 5 years. Full fledged vocational and IT Education programs at different part of the Country to enrich the youth and bring them to the technology and makes them self sufficient to sustain their livelihood.. A number of Girls Institutions, Junior and High Girls Schools have been sponsord to promote women education in country Specialy mention may be made of Jabalpur Girls Higher Secondary School in Madhya Pradesh where fifteen hundred students are admitted for getting education of all road development.
After winning the war of independence with a shocking division of our motherland separting Pakistan as another state, Mahatma Gandhi, father of our Nation, was of the opinion that Congress should abandoned as a political party and continue as a social organization, to guide and help the people to development the society through a strong democracy.
Pdt. Jawaharlal Nehur, however, convinced Mahatmaji that there is no other well established political party having roots in every nook and corner of the country. So, congress had to shoulder the responsibility of governing our great nation through an established democratic process to all-round development.
As First Prime Minister of Govt. of India, Pdt. Ji Introduced planned economy in our democratic set up through it is a Communist Economy`s domain. To implement plans, funds are needed, which was a Herculean task for our country those days. But NehruJi introduced paved our path stating that we have vast labour resources lying in millions of hands, this hands can dig big canals, channels, tanks, dams for water supply, can build sky scrapers for housing& the like. So why not harness this resource for development of our nation? Hence, the idea of Bharat Sevak Samaj (Hence forth referred to as BSS) as an institution to achieve this purpose appeared in political scenario.Pdt. Ji called a meeting of all the leaders of political parties and discussed that as political leaders they will be fighting elections which will result in frictions. Hence, group leaders of political parties will not be able to get support of each other in public projects e.g. construction of roads, school buildings, etc. and digging of wells, tanks, etc. which are a must for a agricultural nation as ours, and the like. Hence is the need for a non-political, non-official, non-religious organization for the following:
To propagate the need and importance of Governmets five year plans.
To seek public co-opretion for implementation of govt.plans
To publicize free manual labour in development works & projects so-on & so-forths.
All the parties agreed and great grand organization was founder viz. BHARAT SEVAK SAMAJ.
BSS was promoted by the Planning Commission of Govt. of India. The govt. provided grants for:-
To publicise and propagate govt. five year plans.
To organize camps for students, village youth leader to help some projects. These camps were run in rural as well as urban slum areas and contributed to the ideas of co-operation, abolition of untouchability by living under one roof, patriotism, free manual labour, sports , oratory i.e. an all-round development environment. Thus, they were an important part of Samaj`s activities. They were run while receiving only part grants from Central and several State governments.
Lok Karya Kshetra:-
BSS whole time workers had to select an area of ten to twelve villages and try develop the region with good transportation facilities, mainland connections via roads, etc., harness water resources, Balwadies (i.e.Montesary School), small libraries, (maternity centres etc. all with help and contribution of villagers.
It is remarkable scheme for workers wthout a roof after whole day works–outs. BSS used to have a hall with basic civic amenties and blankets, etc. with some educational magazines etc., where labourers or strangers could stay overnight on contribution of one or two rupees only.
As some religious are against family planning it is very tough to convince public on the issue, the labour class too, do not co-operate. But BSS organizers were running family planning work camps quite successfully in the remote areas of villages. BSS was organizing many health centres too.Apart from this Bharat Sevak`s always came forward to keep the morale high of Jawan Brethem on the border when there was a war with China & Pakistan. In Tejpur at one time there was only BSS flag flying high.
BSS also helped drought flood, famine, earthquake etc. effected areas as well.
In the year 1960 Pdt. Ji wanted BSS to be self sufficient and hence BSS Construction Services came into existence. BSS has completed kosi dam project without foreign exchange and within a short period. Thus through its construction activity BSS saved many crores of rupees for public exchequer which otherwise could not be saved.